Arthritis, bursitis, back pain, bunions, sprains, or tendinitis. These are some of the many types of diverse pathologies related to the musculoskeletal system that can be treated through orthopedics. This medical specialty is responsible for correcting, or where possible, avoiding body deformities, and improving patients’ quality of life. Most of the time orthopedic clinics receive referrals from trauma cases.
Orthopedics has three main routes: via surgery, devices, or through orthopedic exercises. In addition, orthopedics, can include problems such as:
- Osseous (relating to bone): deformities, infections, tumors, fractures, spinal deformations, and pathologies in which amputation is required.
- Articular (relating to joints): arthritis, bursitis, dislocation, pain or swelling, and torn ligaments.
Orthopedic surgery aims to correct serious problems arising from bone or joint injuries. The main techniques used are reconstructive or replacement surgeries. Ligaments, cartilage, and torn tendons can be reconstructed, as well as other conditions. A common replacement surgery is arthroplasty. Orthopedic surgery is now performed with minimally invasive techniques wherever possible.
Sometimes treatments consist only of injecting drugs such as corticosteroids into the affected zone, which might be joints, tendons, ligaments, or the vertebral column. Hyaluronic acid injections are also given to alleviate pain in patients with arthritis.
The use of orthopedic devices.
Other times, deformities don’t require surgery, but can be corrected by using orthopedic devises. A good example of this is orthodontics.
Back or foot pain, among others, can be the result of poor posture. One way to reeducate the body so that it is correctly positioned is to perform rehabilitation exercises.